The top challenges facing Kenya today are mainly self inflicted and can be controlled. As one is solved, the other proliferates. These problems have also been experienced in Kenya and here is the list of them. Kenya and the world can never be short of challenges.
Unemployment remains a big challenge in Kenya. Many graduates are jobless and this could be why the 2015/2016 national budget provides rebate for employers who shall have absorbed or trained fresh graduates. A revelation by the Trading Economics concludes that unemployment rate has gone as far as 31% in South Africa. The lowest percentage is registered United Arab Emirates, Malaysia and Norway at 4%. This implies that unemployment is serious global problem owing to the fact that it leads to other problems.
The 2014 report by the World Population Data Sheet in Africa, child mortality has decreased significantly by 66% over the years. Some countries like Uganda and Yemen have had 33% reduction as indicated by the report. As gains are made, fresh challenges are coming out of it. This is because there is impending population explosion. By 2050, Africa is expected to have 2.4 billion populations down from 1.1 billion, the report reveals. In this case, controlling population growth is becoming a greater challenge for many countries especially the developing ones. In Kenya, the high growth rate is never a big problem but the correspondent biting food scarcity problem.
HIV/AIDs, Diabetes & Cancers
In the developing countries that include Kenya, large percentages of new infections are registered on daily basis making mitigation of STI’s a big challenge. Some counties in Kenya, Homa Bay for instance have made headlines internationally for being on the receiving end of high infection rates. The Centre for Diseases Control and Prevention in its finding of 2014 revealed another dimension pertaining new HIV infections. In rural Southeastern County, USA for instance, 135 out 4,200 people who were infected had Hepatitis C. Cancers of the cervix, breast and prostate have claimed as many lives too in both developing and developed world. Add to this risk of diabetes that is affecting both young and old, the world is worried about these three diseases.
High population growth rate leads to the encroachment of arable land for farming. As a corollary, agro-based food production avenues are becoming slimmer and slimmer.
It therefore implies that food scarcity problem is becoming a more pronounced problem. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) indicates that in 2008, the escalating food prices drove around 110 million people into poverty. Additional 44 million became undernourished as a result of the food shortage. The ravaging global effects of food scarcity have been very eminent in the African continent. Countries like South Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya are perennial problems victims of these problems.
The Transparency International asserts that most corruption cases manifest in the forms of influx of counterfeit drugs into the market, poorly equipped schools that are otherwise approved and elections decided by money. Kenya has been rocked by many corruption scandals which have clouded almost every regime. He list starts with Goldenberg Scandal, Anglo-Leasing, “Chicken” and the allegations are endless.
By 2014, Denmark was topping the list of the least corrupt as Somalia closed the list as the most wanting in fighting graft. The highest ranked African was Rwanda at 55th position and this depicts that corruption is a menace is the developing countries. It stifles developments.
Have natural calamities existed since the days of our ancestors? That they are not new to the current generation? The answer is a “YES” for these two questions.
On the flipside, there is a major reason why the contemporary generation sits at the brink of experiencing lethal calamities every calendar year. The main reason for this is the climate change. Currently, the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) lists floods as the most prevalent problem. The other natural calamities are storms, droughts and extreme temperatures. Asian countries like India have hit the headlines for being unbearable when heat goes beyond limit. These are just a few of the natural calamities, add to the earth quake that recently hit Nepal, they are endless. In Kenya, there are no earthquakes but the pangs of perennial famine in Turkana, floods in Nyakach, Budalangi and the drought on the Rift Valley, things get worse at times.
Endangered traditional family
Take this to the bank! Very few people care less about their matrimonial life. Yes! People want to be seen to be having spouses but few are able to withhold pressures that come with the need for commitment. The world of today is where many people get married for the sake of it. Some do it to keep abreast with what social surroundings demand of them.
The point is that the traditional family is under siege. The high modicum of concentration that was assigned to the matrimonial institution is long gone. The end result of this is that marriages are breeding children that are focused on other things but extraordinarily blunt in keeping paternal and maternal roles when they grow up. In the United Kingdom for instance, 2 million of the parents are single. As much as independent parents may feel comfortable raising the children, the effects are much more detrimental to the kids.
There are pastors coming with newer churches and minting millions out of the oblivious members. While catholic priests are worth 25,000 $ and imams are 35,000$, some self-proclaimed churches make up to 40,000$ annually. They are ranked among the top global millionaires reveals Huffington post. This adds much confusion on the minds of faithful. They can seldom draw a line between churches and business enterprises. There is a phrase in the streets known as ‘Panda Mbegu’ meaning “Plant the seed” in Kiswahili; it is famously used by con televangelists who dupe viewers into sending them money for prayers.
Escalating crime rates
By taking a global look, some countries like South Africa, Somalia, Mexico among others have hit the headlines but for the wrong reasons. The Eurostat Statistics indicates that the most common crimes are violent crimes, homicide, robbery by violence, property crime and drug offences
This list is endless taking account that some criminals use abduction, hacking and many others to mint cash. Given the problem of unemployment, a crime emerges as its construct amongst the youth. This can be alleged to be spearheaded by idleness too. Crime is a global snag, a big one. Why? Criminals do not hesitate to kill; lives are lost in the process making it one of the serious concerns.
Terror! Terror! Nothing can describe the incidence of terror in the current times. Globally, no one feels safe. From the confines of the Middle East to the US and to East African parts of the world-No one is safe. The presence of terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda, ISIS, Boko Haram and Al Shaabab in Kenya makes terror the leading global concern.
The Asian continent is obviously the most dreaded part of the world, followed by some countries in South America and Africa. Global Terrorism Index of 2014 places Iraq at the apex with a rating of 10.00 on the terrorism scale. India and Philippines come in the top 10, as Nigeria and Kenya are ranked in top 15 making terror a complete global scare. Basing the observation on the magnitude with which terror has claimed many lives, it is indeed the most intriguing challenge to the world peace. No one is safe when it comes to terror.